The Hollywood Ten
The Holywood 10 was a group of film industry professionals “who appeared before the House Un-American Activities Committee in October 1947”1. They refused to answer questions and even publicly denounced the committee’s investigative tactics. The men in question were: Avah Bessie, Herbert Biberman, Lester Cole, Edward Dmytryk, Ring Lardner Jr., John Howard Lawson, lbert Maltz, Samuel Ornitz, Adrian Scott, and Dalton Trumbo.
Fun Fact: Bertoldt Brecht was originally part of the Hollywood Ten, but fled the country the day after his inquest.
Every member of the Hollywood Ten was convicted in contempt of Congress and served a sentence of six months in prison. All but one of them were additionally blacklisted from Hollywood, although many continued to work under pen names. “Using the pseudonym Robert Rich, Dalton Trumbo penned the script for “The Brave One,” which earned an Academy Award for Best Screenplay in 1957.”2. The one not blacklisted, Edward Dmytryk, chose to cooperate while in prison and accused around 26 fellow film industry professionals of being communists.
Other Investigated Artists